Your eyes are an important part of your health. Most people rely on their eyes to see and understand the world around them. However, some eye diseases can cause vision loss. It is therefore important to identify and treat eye diseases as early as possible. Have your eyes checked as often as your health care provider recommends or if you have new vision problems. And just as it is important to keep your body healthy, you should also keep your eyes healthy.
There are things you can do to keep your eyes healthy and make sure you see you’re best:
Eat a healthy and balanced diet. Your diet should include plenty of fruits and vegetables, especially dark green and dark yellow leafy vegetables. Eating fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as salmon, tuna and halibut can also help your eyes. Maintain a healthy weight being overweight or obese increases your risk of developing diabetes increases the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy or glaucoma.
Exercise regularly: Exercise can help prevent or control diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. These diseases can cause eye or eye problems. So, if you exercise regularly, you can reduce your risk of contracting these eye and eye problems.
Wear sunglasses: Exposure to the sun can damage your eyes and increase your risk of cataracts and age-related macular degeneration. Protect your eyes by using sunglasses that block 99 to 100% of UV-A and UV-B rays.
Wear protective glasses: To prevent eye injuries, you need eye protection when you play sports, do work such as factory work or construction, do repairs or projects in your home.
Avoid smoking: Smoking increases the risk of developing age-related eye diseases, such as macular degeneration and cataracts, and can damage the optic nerve.
Know your family medical history: Because some eye diseases are hereditary, it’s important to know if someone in your family has it. This can help you determine if you have a higher risk of developing eye disease.
Know your other risk factors: As you age, you are more likely to develop age-related diseases and eye conditions. It is important to know your risk factors because you may be able to reduce your risk by modifying certain behaviors.
If you wear contacts, take steps to prevent eye infections. Wash your hands thoroughly before putting on or taking out your contact lenses. Also follow the instructions to clean them properly and replace them if necessary.
Rest your eyes: If you spend a lot of time using a computer, you can forget to blink and your eyes can get tired. To reduce eyestrain, try the 20-20-20 rule: every 20 minutes, look at about 20 feet in front of you for 20 seconds.
Eye Tests and Exams
Everyone needs to have their eyesight tested for vision or vision problems. Children are usually screened at school or at their health care provider during a check-up. Adults may also have visual screenings during their checkups. But many adults need more than just visual screening. They need a complete dilated eye exam.
It is particularly important to have a complete examination of dilated eyes, as some eye diseases may have no warning signs. Examinations are the only way to detect these diseases at an early stage, when they are easier to treat.
The exam includes several tests:
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