Can Smoking Cause Infertility In Men?
The effects of smoking on semen quality have been investigated in several clinical studies and their results are conflicting. Some show that smokers have poorer semen quality, while other reports show no effect of smoking. Read on to discover the side effects of smoking and other causes of infertility.
Can smoking affect the quality of your sperm? Yes it can. Smoking is not only bad for pregnant women or ladies trying to conceive, it is bad for men too. Couples involved in fertility counseling should stop smoking as soon as possible. The toxins in smoke have been shown to reduce the quality of sperm, further reducing the chances of reproductive failure in male smokers. However, there are medications to treat infertility in men . Medications to treat infertility can be tried, but only under a doctor’s supervision.
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Smoking and infertility
We all know that smoking is bad for women as it impairs their fertility. In both men and women, smoking has been associated with a wide range of health problems, from certain cancers to emphysema. The toxicity present is a cigarette effect not only on the lungs, but also has a huge impact on the entire body, including reproductive health. Many clinical studies have been done to check the effect of smoking on semen health.
These studies found a close relationship between smoking and fertility; Decreased sperm motility, sperm count and poor sperm morphology as a result of smoking in sperm health. The negative effect of smoking on sperm quality and quantity was more common in infertile men and moderate to heavy smokers compared to light smokers.
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For a partner whose male partner is a smoker, the IVF success rate and potential miscarriage rates are reduced. Secondhand smoke is also detrimental to the fertility of the female partner. When a man smokes, he is not only lowering his sperm count, he is also affecting his partner’s fertility.
Effect of smoking on semen quality
Research studies on male smoking have shown a significant reduction in the sperm health of male smokers. But how does smoking affect sperm health? Men who smoke heavily have reduced sperm concentration, decreased motility, shapeless sperm, and increased sperm DNA damage.
Here’s a closer look at how smoking affects sperm health:
Sperm Concentration: Sperm concentration is the amount of sperm found in the measured quality of semen produced by the testicles. Studies revealed a significant change in sperm concentration in men who smoke.
Sperm Motility or Swimming Ability of Sperm: If the sperm cannot swim, it is difficult for them to reach the egg for fertilization. In male smokers, the researchers found a 13% decrease in the swimming ability of sperm.
Sperm Morphology: Sperm morphology is a form of sperm. Sperm that are oddly shaped may not be able to swim to reach the egg and be able to fertilize it. According to studies, male smokers have fewer sperm in healthy forms compared to non-smokers.
Sperm DNA: According to some research studies, the sperm of smokers has increased DNA fragmentation. Sperm with damaged DNA can cause problems with fertilization, embryo implantation, embryo development, and increased miscarriage rates. These men may also have a hormonal imbalance that is one of the causes of infertility.
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These effects on sperm health and hormonal imbalance may be enough to cause infertility problems in men. Here it is essential to know that reduced sperm health does not always contribute to infertility problems. Most research studies directly connect smoking to pregnancy rates, and male fertility is still unclear. However, for those men who are already experiencing some infertility problems, smoking can trigger it and worsen their condition.
If you are a smoker and get semen analysis results at the limit of infertility, then it is the right time to quit smoking. Quitting smoking can improve your fertility and you may need additional fertility treatment. Quitting not only protects you from the side effects of smoking, it can also improve your chances of successful fertility treatment .
For smoking to be harmful, the toxins found in cigarettes are often to blame. Men who are exposed to smoking tend to have high levels of metals such as lead and cadmium, which are often associated with decreased fertility.
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Studies revealed that lead levels are significantly higher in infertile men who smoke compared to fertile men and infertile nonsmokers. Men who smoke 20 cigarettes or more per day were found to have higher levels of cadmium in their semen. However, both toxins are not always sufficient to cause infertility in men. Another metal called zinc plays an important role. According to one study, male smokers who had low or less than appropriate levels of zinc in their semen also found that they had poor sperm concentration and decreased sperm motility. Whereas, in smokers with an adequate level of zinc, the degree of abnormality in the concentrations, motility and morphology of the sperm is comparatively less.